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Full text of "A Serious epistle to Mr. William Prynne : wherein is interwoven an answer to a late book of his, the title whereof is inserted in the next leafe"

speciM 
collecxioNS 

tJOUQLAS 
LlfeKAK^ 



queeN's uNiveRsiry 

AT KiNQSrON 

RiNQSTON ONTARiO CANADA 






t A SERIOUS 



EPISTLE 



& 



«•» 

•«* _ 

I TO | 

? Mv.WILLIJM PRTNNE, I 

♦ Wherein % 

♦ Is interwoven an Anfwer to aS 

S late Book of his, the Title whereof ** 
% is inferted in the next leafe. % 

«* - 5 

2 Piov, ^. a and 3. 

♦ T&00 art feared with the words of thy mouthy thou art 



taken with the words of thy mouth. 



m 
<£ Do this now my fonne y and deliver thy f elf \ when thou # 

# art come into the hand of thy friend :go y humble thy ♦ 

■«► fitfiy and make fur e thy friend, JJ 

$ LONDON, * 



Printed in theYeare 1 649. 2 

4ft 



2 

lam 

3,0 3 



$EjV 



TO 



To him that will Read. 



<Bg3i&fryg<*? 




Hat this Book hath come later 
J from the prefle, then either 
ftands with the Celerity of the 
§Hf Adverlary, or duty and obliga- 
tion of the Author, it will be 
hoped you will be enclin'd to Forgive, 
when yov once are affur'd that a Treatile of 
almo/l ten-times the bignefle of this^might 
have come abroad in the time this was a 
making ready; Notwithflanding all cla- 
mours and expoflulations - 3 and therefore 
the Author may promife himfelf fo much 
Juflice,as to be Refcued from the favage- 
nefTe of their opinions, who dam all 
things not immediatly falling under their 
concern; or complying with the pettifh- 
nefle of their own Humour, 



A LEGALL 

VINDICATION 

Of the Liberties of 

ENGLAND, 

AGAINST 

ILLEGALL TAXES 

And pretended J&s of Parliament, 

Lately enforced on the People: 

OR, 

Ba«/Jtfx aflignei by W i l*, i au Prykm 

of Swmfwick in the County of Somerfet 

i Efquirejwhy he can neither in Confci- 

e/ice 9 Low, nor Prudence Cubtnit to the 

New llltgall J*x or Contfthtttim of 

Ninety Thoufand pounds the Month; 

Lai dy 
Impofed on the Kingdome, by a pretended Ad of 
forae Common- in ( or rathe* juc of ) 
Parliament* 



CO 




llfffllf 

of Swainfwick Greeting. 

Ml.PflY MN E. 

Ouvvill fcareely believe, what an 
high obligation, you have lately 
put upon all men, that can but the 
left dilcover between good and e- 
vill in Books, and how much you 
were likely to have further indee- 
red your felf to them, By the conti- 
nuance of your patience and h- 
lence. For whereas you were Ac- 
cuftom'd ufually once a week to great them, with a fmall 
TMfcrfibme twenty or thirty meets; and thereby ei- 
lerincu re their indi°nation or laughter ; you have been 
rfb egraciouny pleated to withdraw your benevolen 
ces onU nature, and to put them in hopes that you 
would ne more lend an hand to the Multiplication of e- 
r^Thing* Nor any more beare a part in the variety 
rf"hofehfdeousN,yfes, which doe nowd.ftraft and dea- 

ftn B Sed(this is but a friendly Congreffe, and we 
,i u. fr«- and open ) your filence to me was very Om- 
rousandful o ba P d^n y ification ; nay.l muft confefie to 
lu far more dreadfull then the opening o^ the .mouth 
Zf£lZ Forhaving:oundand Exper.mented that 

A 2 




yomNuure was fuch that it could no more forbeare fcrib 
iing then a Paralytiek his fluking, or one bit with a T* 
tAntuta his dauncing, I began to teare and tremble led ei 
ther you were in 1 bour with Tome great volu.uinou 
work, which like a Leviathan would fwallow up all th< 
Paper, and be a means to raife Ba'Uds and Pamphlets 
from three farthings to a penny a Sheet, or elft that yoi 
were intended fhortiy to depart this world. ( as the vo 
lentary flipping of Fiftula's and IiTues betoken Death t( 
the party) and Co not live a while to furvive your Pro 
geny,and fee the Memory oft hem loft among Men. 

But indeed I was of late doubly undeceived, for I botf 
found (to my amazement) tnat you were alive, as alfc 
that your late Book was but eight fheets, which indeec 
for that very caufe I (houid have baftardiz'd and dtfclaimc 
for being yours; Bnt that I therein found that a many pro- 
fufe and impertinent da Ties did abfolutely Characterize ii 
yours, and befides I faw abundance of Quotations, whid 
I fcppofe no other Man would upon that occasion hav« 
plac'c there. 

Now finding ycur Bookfas I faid) fo more end with:! 
lb little to the queMon ;a kindly Itch and lechery prefent. 
Jy Tickled me to anfwer it,& the rather becaufe I fuppofe 
J might g-atifie you in giving you an occafion to write a- 
gain. as alfo make your oppohcion to the prefent Govern- 
ment,more known and famous Ca thing I know youcovetj 
as a!fo beaprccatartie caufe of fome further fulferings. 
which I knew could nor but be very acceptable / becaufe 
I have obfervdy ur Ctmm more efpecially delighted in 
perfecution and oppofition to the prefent power, and 
therefore I could never blame you for precipitating your 
(df into a heady action ; as being willing to permit eve- 
ry man to follow his own Incination, and I knew you 
were led very ftrongly this way. 

Nor indeed ,vas Iirfenlible of fome advantage on my 
fide.N-j man lying, fo open.fo unguardedilb eafy to be bea- 
ten by his own Weapons as you. Befides you molt times 

take 



take ill ayms,& ftrike clcare befides your enemy. So that 
f>» betides thefe (mall enceuragements , I (aw I needed not 
*| be halfc Co long as you, (and this is fomevvhat with the 
i« judicious^nd I needed but once ftatc the quefhtio^and 
»1 all your Arguments would fall in piecesi and for quota- 
is 'ions I knew it was either tranferibing of yours into my <p re f fg 
t, Margent ( which is as much concern'd in them as qy 0H qmxot 
ii yours) or e/e to follow Cervtotes his advice.and take tie. 
» rirli Catalogue of Authors I met and own them, 
a But then againe upon iecond thoughts I began to de- 
. murre, as coufidering you a perfen very dreadfuil and 
! terrible ; as well by your Roman con(iancy in writing, 
i (tot you never yet permitted any Adverfary to have the 
i laft word, nor any power fo long as you had pen and inke 
! to put you to filence. as by the Reputation you have of a 
i various learning & multiplicity of ReadingrNot to men- 
tion your numerous Prints, whereby you have not like 
Tcfttt three fheets for every day in your life , but almoft 
three volumes,!© that it is pitty that you were not either 
borne of German parents , to haue written in high-dutch 
that you mig it have outdon thereputation of the greateft 
of their Authors, who are commonly valued at the rate 
of their boldnefle and prolixity. Notwithftanding upon 
a third difpute with my felfe I found all thefe were chime- 
ra' s,and conldcaufe no Real affri^hts^as for your pertinaey 
in Anfwering^Rcf ponding^ Rejoym'ng, jiuti ■ quitying, Re. 
viewing &c. However it haa wr®ught upon jome other 
men 1 reiolv'd it mould not doe on me until] you rorfook 
your cultome of un-weavingthewebatthe wrong end, 
# never approaching to the heart of a dilpute(as I (hall 
prefently inftance) and this was a favour, which as being 
a Granger to you I fuppos'd you would hardly conferre 
on me, although you had ability and poflibility, either gi- 
ven you by nature or belitu'd of you by men. 

For the fame of your Learning Hound, that it had ra» 
ther invaded the minds of the multitud^and poflfeflfed tnc 
weak inconfidaate fvvallowers of all Books, and intere- 

A a fted 



(4) 

fted it felfe in thofe people, who had before interested 

themielves in thofe opiuions, which you cither oppugn'd 
or maintain'd.then any wayes recommended you to thofe 
judgements, who calling all things to a ftarpeTett, are 
not wont to favour without Eminency of merit. And 
therefore I cail'd to mind that I had heard many of them 
fay, that (though your industry were not at all difeom- 
mendable, yet it did not infer any fuch vairneflfe or Im- 
nnenfity of nature in you, as the Tides or Margentsof 
your Books feeme to promife , for ( fay they J Nature 
makes ever the dulleliBeaftsmotf laborious.and thegrea- 
teft feeders. Therefore they ©b/erved that , though you 
had read and fwallowed much, yet you had concocted lit- 
tle ; and lb ( wanting Rumination ) it was no wonder if 
you vomited up abnndance of things crude and raw, and 
I could prove it to you out of Authors, that to caftup 
things un-alter'd is a fymptome of a feeble and inh'rmc 
ftomaek * and as an error in the fir/t concoction derives 
it fdfc to the others,and nourilningup a prevalefcent hu- 
mour begets at laft a difeafe ; even fo your judgement 
being once deprav'd turnes all your Readings be it never 
fo eboyfej into bilioufror putrid humours , which being 
perpetually encreafedby yourinfatiate gluttony of Books 
doemifcrably foment and heighten your malady of wri- 
ting. 

Nor truly was I much amaz'd with your Books them- 
felves, which though they appear 'd big and tall were ex- 
treamefeeble and ill complexion'^, and though they cari- 
ed menacing afpe&s, yet were things purely childifli 
anduna&ive, they put me in mind : (I befeech you par* 
don fo homely a comparifon)of the two Gyants that ftand 
to guard Guild-hall, and look downe as furioufly upon 
the contentious Rabble, as if themfelves intended to bee 
Pe2ce-makers, and to powder them all with one blow, 
when alas one uncourteous greeting with a hafell ftiek 
would prefently di r c>mpofe all their gallantry, and reduce 
them to their firft matter of flicks and paft-board. For 

Sir 



cf) 

(Sir)Tis thcgeneraJl opinion of aii Leaned men fasx 
could bring quotations to that purpofe/ that books large 
and empty are the greatett enemies to that perpetuit and 
largenclfeof fame s that every diligent Writer ought to 
aimeat, that can be polfible* For Potency that t-afles a 
fevere and impartiall ftutence upon aii things formerly 
done, cannot but hate and brand thofe men mat deale (o 
unrevetently with her, as to put things upon the file of 
Memory as would even be tedious in table ta;kewhere 
no drollery for the moil part come- ami He. and therfbre 
wee lee all Ages willing to op orffuch excrefcencies, 
and destroy if poflible their very Remembrance. 

Sdfims in libro mentor atur Per/ins uno. 
Jguam lev is in tot a Marftts Amai.onidc. 

Now you having fo unpardonably offended this way, I 
would not at all ttart back at yout volumnous and Gigan- 
tous Nothings, but refolutely encou terand grapple wish 
them. For though you have a Faculty ( to your great re* 
novvne) to put that into ten fheets, which another man 
might comprize in ten li'nes ; and therefore have filled 
as much paper as if you were to burn for a Martyr would 
ferve inftead of fagots ; yet muft I fay, there is very lit- 
tle in a'lthisto the purpofe. For though you are not 
yet a Didimut and tranferibe whole Tragedies, yet I may 
fay you infert many things not condu/ing to theprefent 
purpofcthoughl mult acknowledg the great praile of your 
humanity and goodneife, that you commonly either write 
the morrmateriali things fas you conceive) in Capitals, 
orelfe very courteoufly with an hand or a Note on the 
M argent, dir et the Reader to them. 

Vt fi malnertt lemmata [oU legat. 
And therefore were i< for no other cau.e. Matter Noj 
de;it very uncourteoufly with you, that offered to make 
you and the water-poet, Bed-fellowe* in Lirco!ns=Inne 
Library, as being two of the fame altitude, and crifisof 
writing. For 



For the mul#hd e of them I was or VirgtU in ind , A r o* 
Nnmerr.m lufttt, the fmalleft infeita's come in grcateft 
moaJs que o the wombe of their dam putri action. A 
Python, a Hydra, or any tech Royal! Monfter cornea* 
lone.ard that but rarely, if at all, petit creatures can be 
delivered of many at a birth; L)ons, Elephants and tboie . 
more noble carry but one , and that after long impregna- 
tion : by the lame Analogy men of poore, (trait, low 
and (lender thoughts, have ever the greatest exuberance 
and vent molt; whereas Regular and Caftigated fouls, 
who know how dear and hard it is to think aright , and 
how difficult the purfuit of Truth is,and under how ma- 
ny ceniures any thing of publick concern muftneceffa- 
rily fall; vent iheir notions nicely and fcrupuloufly, as 
thinking they mull be writ in marblcwhillhhe inconfide- 
rate putcvery runningi bought upon the fane 1 ; is for exam« 
pie, moft of your furtian puff- part Treafli, which with- 
in a few years is as quite effact , as if your I ik had been 
made of nothing but Goprifle : and no more Regarded 
then the Inventory of fome lick mans dreams ; and 
therefore to me you have writ a very few things , they 
being fuch as no man will enquire after , but fuch as de- 
light in things obfolete and antique, or fitppofing the 
things arc many, 'tis a lumpe made up like Dcmocrittts 
worlds of atoms which raife up a great mafs yet are im- 
perceptible in themfelves. 

Ifuppofeby whatlhavefaid, you may have a ftirewd 
guefle, at what I conceive of the pertinency of them, 
never was- there any thing truer faid in all fences then 
in Multi loquio non deefi peccatum, Certainly fo yc ur li- 
terary fins in this kind (not to Accompt your morrall or 
Theologicall) are horrid nd Innumerable and (without 
the interpolation of fomewhat above Mercy) Impardo- 
nable.How pktifully did you once afflict the Houfe of 
Commons in that fatah Night of Voting the Kings an- 
swer thegrour di oi a firm Peace,yet when that moll In- 
fulsHarang came to fee thePrefs thefvtftaHce({o youTitle 



<7) 

it)do*Vbut amount to P->mciev enteen fheeta clolePr'nt :- 
Ic Joy'd)our ^ew-ng rers and Co-Martyrs,! the Cava* 
Iiers, that they had lurung .uch a Champion, and there- 
fore the Book (and as I think the ..dt of yours that was 
fo) came to be twice Printed, andpoflfibly isyet extant 
for all men, that have amine" to :urvey iheart of Am- 
plication, to perufe, with much ..' out fuch dfcreticn as 
this. Do you iixkavoui ro blow up lib rty ofCopfcfencc 
for in yrur Book luperfcribed, The fword of Chr'tjiian 
Magtftrates fupported ycuhdt lay down the whole que- 
ition(inerte5tjas a p'-itdate or undeniable axion, and 
• npon that ground make a fhift to Rear up a Paper,trifle ot 
2o.Iarge meets, and this with that Celerity (the infallible 
fign of a good writer) that bet -vcen the Dite of the Book 
you anfwer, and your own, there interceeds but fas I Re- 
member; twenty day*: Notwithstanding you fay they 
4re the lucubrations ofaftw cold Winter Nights , and you 
tell the Lords you have not loit one minute from their 
fervice. I could tell alfo that while ycu mould explode 
the vanity oUove locfy, you only tail foul upon long ha^re, 
and fo run clear out or* dittance from your cjueltion, with 
a Man of much lefle Reading might have emboli with 
curious Philology , and intcruc^ed the age into an af 1 
fright off : Thus in y< ur unhcalthfulnejft of health 
drinking % you only quarrell at much drinking, and fo 
make a tbrementioned efcape. Bur. I am forry luch dv.il 
and cobwebs (tick in my memorie , I have repeated too 
much already, and for particular palTages I could put 
you in Remembrance>^7f ; 4 ^ naufeam & Ravim, but that 
: I would not flip into an humour which fo much difgufis 
mc in you. Only that Polteritie may acknowledge hovy 
(trongly you have oblig'd them by your Poetrie I cannot 
but with pleafare put you in mind what a deare l'onne you 
have been to the Mufes. Never did any man tune fuch 
round delaies as you have.Never did any man fo power- 
fully drag and hale poore li.'Jables into verfe. Never 
dudtany Tirant exercifc theie cruelties uponthe bodies 



f8 > 

men, that you have upon Meeter. Tis the greate/t 
praifc of the Architect of this Vniverfe , that he did all 
things in Number , Weight and Meafnre , and the juft 
contrary mutt tall upon all your Works , eipecially o 
this nature. Alas, vvhatups an J downs have you! what 
noyfes, what calmes ! what fra&ures , what unnaturall 
dofures .' how doe you one time Rumble like a Brewer* 
empty Cart, another while dril you meters miferably on 
a fled : Certainely (Sir) ft y©u had been that Poet that 
prefented the Poem to Alexander and was to receive as 
Recompenle a burfet tor every bad line, jouhadbeene 
buffeted to death, thou you had had as many lives as nine 
Cats : Verily h.id you had Orpheus place in the Fahle,you 
had put all your birds and trees into a fright, intteadof a 
Letalto 'and your Thracian women out ot" meer Revenge 
of your noiil* had done t-iat out of juttice to you , which 
they did out of cruelty to him: Verily had you been Am' 
fhioH, and gone about to build the walls of Thebes with 
YourHarpe, the 11 ones out of meer rage vv-uld have 
inu:ined and pelted You to death. O Matter Prjnne, 
Matter William Prynne, Matter William Pryvnt^ an utter 
Barrefterof Lincolnf-Jmte late a Member of the Houfe 
cf Commons and now of Svainfnick* fa the (outnj of Sa- 
tnerfet Efquire. 'Tis impoilibje that all the Rage of a 
drunken Imagination could have imagined, or prophefid 
lueh a Bard as you are. Certainely, after you; we may 
lay all Monfters will be naturall and quotidian . and that 
all men may doe vvhatfoever they defire or dream of. 
For I profefle to ycu 'tis a Miracle to mee , how ever it 
could enter into your thoughts to make Verfes : fubje<fts 
lam fure you could not want; you might havebeene 
throwing the dutt of Records in the faces of the Bifhops, 
you might have put on a fools Coat, call'd your felfe 
Tom-Tel'Trotb, and barkt againft the Armie, youmii>ht 
have bulled your felfe about Exeommunication, or con- 
quering Independencie , and propping up the Houfe of 
lords i but fo difmally tomifearrie: to improve Rocks, 

Which 



(which certainly are fofter then ycur Meditatiovtomak 
new Sea Comfajfe , and cuack Cordials* I am loft, X am 
loft (great Sirjlam loft, this is too deepe for me.and ex- 
ceeds my under/landing. 

For the quotations which are asdelight r ull to you, as 
they are dinVtfull to all Mar kind elfe ; but Voetins who 
ioves }ou for it, and Icculd vvifhyou to conhder whe- 
ther the Ghofts of a many brave Authors ought not in 
all Iuflice to ham and torment you? fome o c them you 
make ftand on the Pillorie of your Margents for no emfe, 
tome of them you make to beare falie witnefie, ©ther 
fome you make tell haife TVdes.fbme of them you familiar- 
ly quote whichyou never conferr'd with. nor poflibiy law, 
fothat vvhat with thefeeourfe^, andmiftel.ing of Pages 
and Chapters which are but Peccadillo's with ycu, you 
make than pure Knights of the Poll, and fweare what 
you will. Certainly, a man that hath this Faculty may pre v 
what he will, and write Libraries, and if any man ever 
had the Knack Co dexteroufly as you, my Acquaintance 
•with Bookes is either none or falfe. How dee ycu 
n't them, aff proving the Sovcrsigne Power of Parlta* 
mtnts (which Booke I thinke you h ve forgot you ever 
wrote) exactly quote Morall fentences cut of Seneca &c. 
What an rmmenfe Annotation have you in your Booke 
againft Copers concerning Nile. hk>w common i 'ft vvith 
you to prove out of Ho v> Hollinjhead Famm. Speed ,Ta)ior t 
that & 2. was murtheredat Pontefrait. How naturally 
in your Arminiani.me doth bring men to difclaime opi- 
nions that were not thought on while them! elves lived ? 
What rare Mofaick Worke doe }ou make with fenten- 
cesof Sent tures , and how congrtnufly doe you grave 
them on theftones of the Mount- Orgnetl. Uowzptly 
doe you qrof<- Poetsby the par;e and fometin-es bring in 
a peece of Tully by the SeStion, with ail which accou- 
trements I can count you no better ih n an Indian with 
Feathers about ym ; or if you will have it r o Jean com- 
pare you to a Pedlars Pack-Horfe , that carries abun- 
B dance 



(10) 

dance of Trinkets about him , which he can never ei» 
th:r enjoy or ufe. 

lam die Vofihumt de trtius cape/As* 

Having with thefe considerations disburdened my Celt 
of all feare, I know no Reaion why I may not now dei- 
cend to a more particular confederation of your Ja(l 
Book, and the rather becaufe it vainly threatens lb much* 
and according to your ufaall fate produces nothing. Nay 
indeed declares ycu a perfon Incapable of medling with 
the queftion,as having too leant a knowledge & tooPur- 
blind aninfight to difcufle it. For I fuppole> No Ratio- 
nail man will deny me. but that he would exa&ly examine 
the juftnels of al changes of States and Gommonwealths , 
Muft have another Toucn-ftone then the bare Muni- 
cipal! Laws of a Country, which commonly carry the 
ftampe of their invaders, or else bsing made out of the 
nccefluy of times, are commonly declind by thofe men 
thatdefirc to Innovate; No they are thole Generall and 
Royal! Laws of Reafon Nature, Nations and Neceflity 
that muff be appeald to, by thele all mull: examine and 
Judge, and as being fixt veritable and univerfall, where- 
as particular Ordinances of any place are not fo ; but 
being either Impos'd by a power or become valid by con- 
tract, are no longer to be obey'd, when that power is 
broken or contract dilTolv'd. 

But you (Matter Tr/»0*j doe not goe thus Rational- 
ly to work, nor Revitting your difcourfe on fome fted- 
dy maxims arife up to a full and perfect view of the 
GeneraflLaws, and then bring them home to the particu- 
lar of cur Nation, which had been your oniy true and 
Regular method, and likelyeft to make good what you 
delign'd to your felf, but indeed thereof you decline all 
examinations of Governments and their ends ( a thing 
perhaps not to be treated of by one that writes [cans pea 1 * 
mvno)zY\d molt cruelly tormented with a many Presi- 
dents and Statutes, which being either fuch as depended 
upon the will of them that ufurped rule over us, or at beti 

fuch 



fuch as beft fuited the wifdome of the times that enabled 
them, I lee not why they fhoi id prcferve any more force 
then reafon>eipccially feeing ihat daily contingencies and 
•notations r.t humane things. cAl ever a frefti (or new 
Laws, and frefliproviiions: not to adde that the neccf* 
fityofatime and occasion t^e continuaJl groans of the 
oppreffed » the concurrent and vilible hand of provi- 
dence may many times Warranc that which to the ttrift 
formall Letter of the Law might ieeme otherwife. For 
certainly every Law mutt beconceiv'd fo far facred ancf 
inviolable, as it conduces to the great defigne of the 
eflentiall happinefle of thoie for whom it was deviz'd, 
and iffo then fuppofe it, in it feife and fothefi good and 
profitable.yet ifit dafh and enterpher with the maine end 
of Government.and that greac Arcanum of pre'ervacion, 
I fuppofe he cannot be czllcd a Bad Citizen that out of a 
juft piety to his Country endeavours to break through 
it ; or elfe rectify it to its right intentions. 

Thus much (outofa great deal elfe which I referveas 
due and proper to another place} I have fet down; to the 
end you may perceive how unfortunate you have been 
in grounding the question, as alfo that (if you'pleafe to 
take the pains,) you may by it examine over all ycur rea- 
fons,and find them all eithex vain> fophifticail or ral/e.Bur, 
left ycu may be a vvrighting fome other Book and there- 
fore want leifure, or if you had Ie'fure might poflibly be 
defirous to fave the pains, I mail to doe you a curtefy,ani 
merit of fome of your Profelits whom I may reduce, 
examine them one by one, though I cannot prcmife ci- 
ther ycur Copiou.nefle or Rancor. 

Your difcourfe is founded upon a Sillogifme which ra- 
king up a page in you, I am given to tranferi^e, bnc 
'hall thus fully and faithfully a bre viate. That by the fun. 
dame mail Laws and known Statute/ No Tax ought to be 
Impofcd but by the will and Common tffent cf the Earls 
Baror.t Knights Bnrgejfes s Commons, and whole Realme 
in afrse and full Parliament By aB of Parliament, all a- 

B 2 ther 



other are unjttft and opprejfivc , &e , 

Bat tbisprefent Tax 0/90000. 1. per menfein was not thus 
Imp 6 fed. 

Ergo, Uonghtnot to be demanded nor levied, and you 
might in confetence and prudence with ft and it. 

Your Proportion which you take as indubitable 
would in the flrft place be ftated^nd Rectified, becaur'e 
ib many ot'your Reafons, and indeed your mod pre/ling, 
n*y the very ftrength of the Aflumpiion leane upon it, 
But you muft conhder that though I agree with you, 
that no Tax ought to be Jayd but in Par.iament, yet I 
utterly difTent trom you in the Acception of the word 
'Parliament, and though I grant you the whole Realmeyct 
I doe not extend it to your Latitude; which I thus ex- 
plaine and confirme. 

Firfi, I take the Rcalme of England to be no other, 
But that People whieh God and nature lath planted in 
rhis Ifland, free from all humane power and pofitive 
Law, fave what they tletke and conlHtute over them- 
ielves, or their Reprefentive ( by their authority ) enact 
for their good and welfare ; and therefore whatfoever 
power is not deriv'd from them, ought not to beobey'd 
by them, Nor the Laws Impos'd by and under that 
power to be held any other then TirannicalJ and not 
binding . 

That they are not under the Right of any forreigne 
domination, I fuppofe you leave me as granted, and 
therefore to consider them in themfelves, we mult look 
whither they be a people naturally endewed with a free 
difpolltion of themfelves, fas was juft now layd down) 
or elfe by the Laws of God, or their own ftipulation they 
ought to obey fome fuperiour power (whither in one 
hand or many) which mould Inviolably or unalterably 
rule over them. 

If you canafhxmethisofMonarckie, you muft raveil 
this coniideration to its firft principles (as there is no 
better way to uiderftani the making of a watch then 

to 



to t a ke her in pieces ) and confider what Right Kings 
have to KuJ over us; if they fay from God, this is but 
a bare a(fe r uon ; Jet them prove by fomefigns and won- 
ders thac it is Gods declare.! will and we fhall obey ;. if 
they fay ail Kings are of God. They muft prove how 
they come to be Kings j if they fay that in the Scripture 
God do's favour and delight in iMonarchy , let them 
cell us what kind of Monarchy it is, and what limits God 
hath appci ted both of power and Law, for certainly if 
they TreipalTe never lo little u on either, of thefe they 
are ulurpers : If they fay from nature (I fiudy brevity 
here) let them prove that nature makes one man to go- 
verne an other, nay fuch an other number of peop'e, and 
that thcm/elves are they. U they fay by compact and 
choice of the people, let them produce it and its condi- 
tions, and then #and a tryall, whither the people could 
paffe away the liberty of their fueceffors, or themfelves 
upon breach of Trull: or other confederations, Recall 
& anwtU : if none of thefe will hold, they muft necef- 
farily be intruders and depofablc upon thefirrt occa- 
fion. 

All this I conceive remain'd to be. prov'd before our 
Kings can affect their Jtu Regnands in fo clear and fafe a 
manner as the late CHARL8$ pretended to it. But if 
they were only elefted(as the fupreme expofitor the Par- 
liament have deciaredj then it evidently declares that 
in the height of their intrufion they either could nor 
ftifle a remembrance of the peoples Right, or cite by an. 
odde Arcxnum Imperii practized by the Primitive Ro- 
man Emperors) they were willing by a fpecious fhew of 
Iiberty,to banifh all offence and Recollection of their In- 
trufion. And of election, quellionlefle thofe that have 
ppvyer to choofe have power alio not to choofe. 

Then fecondly if Kings be not Integra!! parts of our 
Parliaments, Representatives or Nationall meetings 
''tis things I mind not words for the people cannot all 
it once meet inCouncell; it will Poriimcuically follow 

B 3 that 



fa) 

that the Lords being his vaflalls,conftitutes or at leaft 
but Councellours, are not, as being not entrufted nor 
called thither by the people> who have the only power to 
make their Deputies, and gives voyces in their Natio- 
nal! meetings. 

Thus much being gaind there will flow a Third>That will 
immediatly invetta fupream authoricy in thofe meeting?, 
and this authority mutt needs make them Judges o cafes 
of neceflity,and neceflity oftentimes warranting, nay bid- 
ding violent courfes, fome anions and carriages may be 
juftifiablei nay laudable and glorious in them that Im- 
medi tly concerne thepublique weal, although they vary 
from & throughout the Common Regular proceedings : 
Thm eou d no honeft Roman have blamed Ckero t though 
he h:d fuipended the major part of the Senate had they 
adhered to Cataline, Thus were the Trains of thereof ft 
never accounted Traytors to their truft of preferving li- 
berty ,Notvvithttanding they often brought Laws to make 
a Dilator who had an unlimited power. Nor have yoa 
Reafon to ftorme with this Par.iament, for voting the 
exclusion of part of their Members (whereof your felfe 
were cne, that had concurred in dangerous and dettru- 
c^ive pernicious Votes. 

And now you may fee how unfound your Prop®fition 
was, and ho,v utterly the State of the whole Syllogifme 
is altered, for if you will but take along with you what 
hath been faid, you will find their was an huge deal of 
Equivocation and Fallacy in the words of Parliament and 
whole Realm* j and therefore the whole ought thus to be 
conceived. 

That by the Fundament all Laws of the Nation what Tax 
isjmpofedby the Ctmmons of the Reatme in a free and full 
Parliament by Att of Parliament > and none other 9 it law- 
full. 

But this Tax cf 'pocoo. 1 • per menfem was thus Imfofcd, 
JEr^o it ought s Sec, 

The Proposition is manifeft out of what hath been 

faid, 



(u) 

faid to the Afliimption tor the prefent, I (hall fay thus 
mucn ; That fince King and Lords are no eflentiall parts 
of it> and tuat they make up the cullomary number, we 
have no Reafon to d;<avow them on that Tophick, fome 
other Rcaion then nuui we fearch, and fee whither they 
were either Jawfuliy called, or eife fince their cahing 
fomea& either done by themfelves or others have in 
Law diffolved them. But for the Legallity oftheirAflemb- 
ling your fe.f are fo far from denying, thac you found fome 
Arguments upon ir;& I further juftihe that they immedi- 
atly were entranced by the people,and that the Kings did 
put them into a courfe, not give them Authority, ( for it 
h had>then muiVall power lmmedidately flow from the 
King which we have deny'd) and therefore though the 
Right of the people were at that time cog'd with that 
load, there is noReatbn but they might when they could 
fhake it orf , and reftore themfelves to thofe Priviledges 
oature endowed them with. And therefore they mult 
neceflarily remain anauthorftative Body after the decol* 
lation of the Kimgas not fitting by nim : But it is a que-* 
ftion according to the word of the Law, whither they 
ever can be ditibWed or no, the King not being alive to 
dillolve them. Howfoeveryou can diftinguim a King in 
the abftra&, and concret and know that it is not his Per- 
fonali prefence adds any thing to them : for otherwile 
your own books mull rife up againft you, and all their 
actions fince the Kings deiertion will prove un-Parlfa- 
mentary. 

Wemult fee if there be any thing that in Law dtlToI- 
ved them (fince they are in. origine a lawfull AflemblyJ 
and that muft either be by the King, themfelves or fome 
externall power : By the King it mult be either by fome 
aft of his, and that I think you are not read/ to lay. or 
by hisremotion, and tru~t we have j'uft now anfwered : 
if by themfelves why fit they f or fhew me an kti or Or- 
dinance of theirs why they fhould not: if from cxternall 
force : externa!! force I fay may violate it but cannot dif- 

iblve 



folveit j fmce the Speaker declar'd his opinion two years 
a<*oe, that nothing could diiTolve this Parliament, But 
an Ail of Parliament* which you cannot produce either 
in your own fence or mine. ^ 

And now we fee what miracles vcu have perform 'd,& 
how according to your manner you have efloygn'd from 
the question; for it is not the Recital! of a many Imperti- 
nent Pre(idents with any flavifti head, that has but the 
p.tience to collect may mutter up to wearinefle. 

But a right bating aud deduction of things, and a Ge- 
nerall view of the queftion in its whole latitude that muft 
convince and enforce in mefe cafes , For producing au- 
thorities though it may be of excellent ufe in proving 
matter of fact or chat things were fo, yet ic is not of much 
concernment when matter of right or reafon fulls un« 
der difpute. For whofbever do's rightly convene with 
the writings & Records of former time; cannot but 
know, that (ince a many things are fpoken out of the 
fence and intereft of the times. A many things through 
decourfe of affaires are altered from their Primitive 
reafon, a many things imperfectly related and circum- 
ftances of great light often omitted, they are not at 
all authoritative to after times, fave where a cieer and 
undeniable analogy of reafon do's apply and enforce 
them. 

But leaft you may think? I fraudulently .elude the 
ftrength of your arguments by theic generall avifosj care 
not much if I put chem (I meane the ftrength and heart 
of them for you are very fatall in fetting down things at 
length) into a Catalogue briefly overthrowing chole 
chac are not Immediatly, Implicitly, or peremptorily 
anfwered in the ormer pages, and putting the others to 
no ' ther trouble, hue abarereherfall. as things that car- 
ry their confutations in their bowells. 

Your Fir ft Reafon is The Parliament is dtffolved by 
Icath tjthe King. 2 . Orfuppofwg it it, being yet the Lords 
Rented not, 5. Sufpofe the Commons done conld Impofe 



Ci7) 

a Tax yet new the Houfe it nettle* full nor fret if you wi II 
give every man Je*ve to be Judge pr'hisowhtibert ,t >ey 

can the belt tell what they think of theirs > anj they 
have d.c^ar'd themfeive; tree from any feare or Re- 
liraint; an J certainly it is one ihrewd hgne of it in that 
they have performed mat un Je; that \\h\c\ you ca;. j aw ; 
which none of thuir Predeceilbrs in ill their pretended 
h' i:ny and fullnefle c >uid ever atchieve ; and i " you fay 
they are net /*//*»^/r«:->ecaufc all their Members doe 
noc actually lit* For my part I hold them freer, a 1 ? being 
eas'do lb opprellive an humour, that Co long Rendrcd 
their Counfells abortive or unprofperous, yet in point 
ofreafonl feenot why hefhoulj be entrufhd witn the 
liberty of a Country that is an enemy to it Or admitted 
into a Ccunfell whofe mine he is both by hii i tereft 
and opinion obliged to endeavour. Though the tender- 
nefle of the Parliament is such that they Readmit all fuch 
as they can either with furety ex fafety, and the obftinacy 
of the abfent Gentlemen is fuch that they refufe to com- 
ply with the ways of providence, and come into ailion, 
rather m'rending themfeives then being fufpended « 
4. Though it jh on Id oblige thvfe pi ace j whofe Knights Citi- 
xjent Bwgejfesjit yet, tt cannot thffe whofe &c.Jit not* 
Nowou.o'ail your Prcfident* fr*d me one that fhall 
warrant thi? difhn&ion for that of the writ of waft wll 
net doe: for upon the fame rea on, tie County o. 'ZW- 
ham, or :uch Burroughs as have no Members to fit for 
them, are not tyed by any act of Parliamet.t, as nc t con* 
fenting to it and lor any thing I fee the fame reafon 
fliould hold in thole Counties or places whofe Repre- 
fentatives fhould be for fomc unc«?ftionable crime thruft 
out o the Houfe ; Nay, why may not this extend to ab- 
fent Members > But I pray Sir conf der that the Houfe 
of Commons mull he conlidered as a colledted boJy, and 
not as made of particular perfons. and that mult be taken 
for its Ordinance which is the agreement otall.or the 
m ;orparr,withont any other confederation oflniividu- 
C all?, 



( ,s ). 

dualls, fave fometimes the entring of a difTenc. which may 
declare a private diflike , but cannot d> {authorise any 
ihi g. 

For thofe two objections though you keep an hacking 
and flaming o. them yec you do not at all innrme cr de- 
ftroy them For I would gladly know of you what iadic:li 
diftinctionyoucin perceivcr,between buiinefles of greater 
and lefTer moment in the Houe as ycu feeme to infer, I 
meane what difference you can make between the Houfe 
when it handles Jgffer tuhnefl'es and the grcateli, For 
cjueftionlefle 'tis an Houfe i till and hath the fame Privi- 
ledgesand authority. Nor do's your objection of the rre- 
cjuent fummons make any thing for you , f<iving that it 
prove s it hath been a cullomc to iummon in abfent Mem- 
bers, either when their a iliuies were particularly a an- 
ting or cliQ the number of abfent Members took from the 
Ma jelly and S. iendor, Nut the necelfity and being of the 
Houfe. a. Though you fuppoie.7 hey might make an Houfe 
in cafes of abfo ute NecefTuy, yet you fay their was never 
f'uch a cafe a^ till nov, tnat 40 might expel 4 jo dec. To 
this I fay tnat, N.-ver.vas their fo great a ncceifity, as 
that of their fufpenfi on, as may earily be demontfrated. 
3. Twas the Army fufpended fome Members indeed, 
but injur'd not the collective body, and abundance abfen- 
ted either through difaftection, guilt* or fii'pition ; and 
whereas you challenge them to fhew fuch a Law or cu- 
ftome, I cannot but laugh at you. For if it be lawful, it 
may well fi^nd on its one le^s, without liich an infirme 
and unproper ftay I ."unlawful i you lyjil not expect any 
example mould make it fo, For by the fame reafon every 
vice that can but parallel it felfin Zwinger or Ljcoftbenes t 
will foon be gilded into a vertue, and you your felt' in e- 
very action you doe and garment ycu weare, unleffe 
you can prove your Grandfather did and wore the like, 
/in extremelv. and herein at one dafli confute your whole 
fft/fria Maftix vvh n bv fo many Prejidenti Records^ lour- 
n*lh> HiQoryti, Dforjt, Ledgter Boekf, A»haRi Poems t 

Orttions, 



(i 9 ) 

OratitHt tkc. itcanbeprov'd cnat playes have been in 
formei times acted and entertained into the dchg <xs of 
Princes, a? your felf write,eonfeflre,deelare>ackno v ledge, 
manifei f , and prove by Aumors in your Retrattatton to 
that purpofe. 4* Then Fourthly, fines you itand Co lliRy 
upon it, I challenge you to fhew me by any Journal I, Year- 
Book, Records, the time when fourty was not accounted 
a Parliament (though this far exceeds that number v For 
5 .you fa; .Neither Commons nor whole Houfe ought f> 
do it without K. )r LL« StiJJ Crambe nucoflaw t 'ed y< u nit 
that Topic largely before, and do ycu now vomit it up a- 
gaine ? I doe not now wonder at the facultie of fquir- 
cing B ookf, when you have thi; art of Repetiaon. Tru- 
ly ( voluminous Sir J mcthinks you are like Flaminim his 
holt whoentertainehis Noble gu_-tt with a great many 
various difhes, which yet in the concision proved no- 
thing buc Swines-flem,or rather to Erifichthon' 's dau c h~ 
ter who though fhe were fometimes fold under the mape 
of a Cow fometimes of an afTc fometimes o r a Sheep, was 
but ftill Erifichthon t daughter, and therefore who knows 
one of your Book knows all/ and who confutes one con- 
futes them all. Only I advife ,-ll that fhall hereafter have 
todeale with you, to medle with you no othervvife then 
the great Grotitu did with a learned man that fpoyles and 
loo cs abundance of brave learning amidft his volumes in- 
deed of anfwering the Book to confute the contents. So 
would I interdict any man '"urther Commerce with ycu 
then the Title f which is ever the beft of your Bookes) 
and having confuted that,to fit downe in quiet. 

For your anfvver to the fecend ob/eetion, (which fneaks 
in at the Bock dore, and ftands like EU in the Gatnmb, 
and no wonder, for a man of your h lie may eafily forget 
Imnortarcies.^viz. That thefreftnt Parliament jba/l not 
be ebfrlvidunleff 'by A& of Parliament by the Statute of 
1 7. Car. ' I was eon'u^ed t ut of what hath been already 
fpoken and hath been already touched upon you. But to 
come clofer to you, that if the Kings Petfon were fo ne- 

C 2 ceflary 



( 20 > 

cciTaryabufinefle* with what face diJ vou juftlfy their 
proceedings, without when he was at Oyfirdloi'tk t! c 
forme d writ calling ihem together to coniu i wi;h 
&« Render them a meer Jtuu^iiio of his, an j no longer 

a body then he lends them a foule. what miierabie, and 
ilavilh people were we, whole National! Councils were 
to depend upon the wiil and pieafure or one man, as 
though we had b^cn created for no ether end, and caft 
hiiher by providence only to make fo many vaflalls for 
a Tyrant. But I hope. Matter Prinne yen know better 
what the fafety of a people is, then to adhere to fo mi- 
ierabie Rules, which being commeniy (truck frcm the 
present occasion, cannot prevent all inconveniences, and 
therefore mud be Subject to change* and altera 1 . ion j and 
with what prudence can you r«rge that your Act was on- 
ly intended as toycur ItcKing not to his Heirs and Suc- 
cflorsfycurreaions arefo tr fling I paiTe them) when 
you know the King of England never dyes ? and 'tis an 
horrid thing that the welbcing of a people mould depend 
u on the truth of one who is but a Bubble and mu'i dye 
like 2 man. For Juppofe in that hea^y con;un«5tu e of 
time (which produced the act King Charles had put ofY 
his Mortality, either the be/1 Parliament thst ever was, 
flicu d hive broke up and kftu; both in the preftnt ha- 
zard of affair es, and danger of never any more Parlia- 
ments ; or elie the Supreme Right of the People and ne- 
ceiTity would have confuted what you afilrt. Belides tfic 
Parliam nt was called for Itch and fuch ends, and if the 
Kirg had dyed before the fulfilling , had it not been 
m. erly an illufion andafruitration ot the very ad which 
even oblig - them to the accimplifhrr.ent ef-iuch and inch 
things.But methinks that clau e wh"c^ vou fo Jn^ruonfly 
cj v re cleers th Bufine %and t hat every thing trthingt nhat- 
tver dene or to be done for tht adjournment or ftorogtng or dtf- 
fotvirg of the pre ft nt Parliament contrnry totheprefent A&> 
fhallkeutte I) veidandof none effeft up: n this ,c 'e the 
Ami' Parliament it 0*/*^ was counted unlawful ,3nd the 

Kings 



(«) 

g? difdaiming them {tor a while) of none efFecl. But 

y you^ the Kings death cannoc properly be laid a f^'*/ 

he or to be done by him , for the adjournment of the 

IrJiament contrary to thhprefent Att, cannot make the 

togi death vojdandof none efftft, by restoring him to life 

Iame. 
Spcttatum adwrffi Rifum Teneatis A micif 
But pray Sir, is not death a privation ? what ta'k you 
t :not itas an Awt ;nd of a privation you will not lay 
i riatheny thing polnive, the Kino hath done nothing by 
i whereby to di/folve and raife the Parliament. 

I fhall adde, only ycu ftand foftrict.'y upon poore For- 
i aiities,why you may not as well fay that the Parii. ment 
jnotatalbcCcUfe their are no Bimops in it,as wel as you 
y about Lords : For you cannot be ignorant how far in 
cfc darke time* of fuperfiition the Bifhops have in- 
orcht, (and why mould Pre/idents for the TemporalJ 
urds be more inviolable then for them) infomuch that 
ey once came to a conteit of Precedency,which certain- 
they would never have done without fome aflurance 
tiemfelves and incerert, and therefore it was no more 
ijury to the Lords Tcmporail to be difpofTefTedthen 
>r the Spiritual!, they being both derived from one pow- 
; and though you'l fay the latter were ejected in a free 
nd full Parliament, and Co not the former, yet I think 
prov'dother wl.iUH had m hand your Syllogifme, and 
lult now tell you,! cone .i ve nit what m re Right or ti- 
ff the one have then the other, and why they may not as 
fell be difrobed of thefe Privil dges , which are both 
.nnecflary andburdenibme andtofpeak freely, Superi- 
»r to any other in Europe, and Inc-onhlient with the ii- 
iertyof ur Nation. 

I mail n >t much trouble my (elf with your difingcnui- 
ie in quoting the Parliaments form:r Dedarari >ns a- 
;ain.'t therra, lince t! at They have been as good as their 
vords in procuring the libenieof the Nation, and what 
hey doi at this preknt is merrly out of pnbh'que ncce'Tiry 
C 3 and 



andfafetyj ButI mud tell you, that of alt men fell 

you oughtthe tail to encounter your adverfarie" out 3 
theto.vn .vrmn^finceyourovvndoe .bwnd^tSftJ 
ftrongmonftrous ContradtAomand forget uS? hi 
amanmay,upporeyouchmgefou!esa S often a""^ 
flur«, or dfc there , . an unanimous conlpiraUonKl 
kind*, ado r c all ahurdities wbatfoev^ under '^^ 

And now have If thank the curtefie of my fate* > ft, J 
y lurveyd yourfirrt Reaion, and truly if your other N„j 
cake me up as much time, I (hail vvith dilHcnftt 3 
through the reft of this inglorious tX and I ™ 7 JF% 
obtain your faculty of fo£SS£&a£'*f& 
«ead of your adverury turn your Schol ar : &£?£ 
Emperour. thueflayedat firrt what he could ffylTJ | 
e Jt'** ,fm ' but a < *« «reifid himfelfe inTo a S We: 

And now for your/SwW Reafon which r,n, . l 
there are fome fit in the Hou-e who ou^r „„- r US / hac 
whofe EleAions have been Voted vo7fom°e SoLT ' 
new great Seale fince the Kings death. Vome t hi t " w 7 * 
tlemen.and therefore uncapable offaS*" r°* ' 
«ay ; br.ng me but on; example or r refident it B ? ' ' 
illegality of Election deprived t,e pJtlJrTV^ 
muft ever be confidered in the A™ »3 ,/ •#"* < 
W of ics authority, and Kigbt^rf ^fa^fSS** 6 " 
a Par lament and fupreme why may n->r rh™ ,"" 
Sea and ufe it, and for the Lords Tfi nee helW •* ' 
broke up j why mould the people be denW their ^u * 

of choofing, or the Lords C wi.hout anTdemer^ ^ 
capacity of fitting. y aemer " ) their I 

For your fcoiplj at ,(, e o^h of AIIea»ean-. r <■ 
how "obhVdfurther 1 hmciviIobed?„ce1n''i;' f-" ,' ' 
protection, or why it fhoula oblige w£ henX "" 
er that .mpofed it had exi'lenef . or X fcfl&L?T 
lige a man to a perpetual! pertioacv contrL r^- j ^ 
mentandcon.cienL TiitTbe SSS^^ffe 



pur 



j away all your Arguments of this head, and in the 
Ian time Recruit you to that judicious and learned 
lee of }At,Afcb m concerning t.iis lubje:^ and truly if 
fi want empx> ment you >\ouid doe well 10 gnaw a iit. 
[upon tnat file. 

the Thi, d you learnedly draw from the ends of your 
Lwhicfa being two, you accordingly branch your Ar- 
liitntintotvohe^d ;Thefirlt wnereot the Mainte- 
ice « f my Lor j Fairfax tiis A-my, and to this you an* 
: r 7 hat their Mounts defefttont & Rebellion have mad* 
m unworthy of fay. To this I fay, you in your confuted 
talo«me ot their mildemeanours, you lay many things 
(heir charge , which are not properly theirs, a many 
[\gs you mittake, and many things you falfly fnggeft: fo 
i he taat pares off your exaggerations, and confiders 
m naked»y, will find them an ihu'trious brave fort of 
iple particui r!y favour 'd by Providence, and worthy 
toe encouragement and care of this State. Tien fe- 
d'vyoulay.iV# X ax ought to be imfofed but in cafe of 
ceffitic ( let any judge , whether there bee not a 
cefficy for this Tax ! j But yoii fay there is no neceOity 
seeping up this Army for thefe (troa^ Reafons. 
The Ktngdomc is exhaufled mtb feven yean Taxes, and 
retoretor laving a iittle.mony now mull be utterly ru- 
I and as though you in all your reading could vyant ex« 
Dies how often luci a bafe parfimony hath bin tatall to 
pie and Cities. 2. The dec*} of Trade, as thou ^h a pec 
ayment hindsr'd eitherlmportation or exportation,or 
kned mens end avours, or as though that money were 
. ipent among th* people that pay it, and {o there can 
lodecrealeinthemainltock. But a decay of Trade 
i!t ever be expected in or immediatly after a civil 5 
re and lb you lodge this caufe amifle. | • l f dejtrojes 
ie, why did you not tumble this with the former, tor 
ly both came to one head ; SAA you -urn to your vo u 
|mpertinencyand!argenelle. 4. There ts no-vtfible erne. 
in the fUldfinl therefore not in Hou;es or abroad ; D-o 
J not 



not you know Mafter Prtme that an en^my is not eu te 
vanqutlh'd when he is to c d to give the held, but fo jong 
as he has animofities, grujges, opportunities, erccu- 
rageTienn, hopes, is tobeiear'df and therefore for any 
people to gull themfelves infuch a mud iVcurity can be 
no other c.ien to fall a fle?p,that their enemies might with 
the better conveniency cut their throats. fceiV-es you can- 
not be ignorant that that Thing which you call a King 
hovers and flutters over, a'^d if he couiJ but engage any 
fbrreigne Prince on his defperate h& fortunes would 
come over, and feeifhecou dfet up the Dagon of Mo- 
narchy o ice more amonglt u>, and you would have us 
tamely call away~our fiords, that he might with more 
liberty exercife thofe cruelties upon us, and that either 
his indignation, revenge, flatterers, or poffibly Inciina- 
tion n-ight fuggertunto him. 5. Tbitwat k*t at firj} e* 
fiablifbtd 40000 1. per menfem and after 600.0 . "But tvhy 
900-00 1, nowfinte thofe for Ireland of that efjiablifhmetit 1 
Thou knoweft not it feem fVU, 7rynne } Nor thy Neigh- 
bours at Swanfmck^ that c nere are a great many new foil 
ees rais.'d, and their are a g r eat many there already to be 
maintained. The Country Militia's might ferve, the forme 
of them in fecure time is good encugh, But not in th« 
midrt effuch contingencies as we daily fee, and if we be 
at prefent fo (unrounded with enemys. as who knows w< 
aregirt with both extremes which new begin to c'ofi 
and unite into one, why mould we dilTolve any Armicoi 
choice and brave Veteran?, for a fort of Raw countrie 
fellows, that neither have the courage nor the art of righ- 
ting ; not to mention the juft caules of diftru/t of them 
which though you indeavour to remove, yet you doe no* 
thing, for you fay, I . Thefe men may enforce an Army til 
Doomefday ; as though their politick capacity took awaj 
their natural! of Dying, or that things would be ever ir 
their prefent infecuriry. 2. If they dare not trnfi the People 
Vfhj [hould the people trnfi them ?, this I thinke is your fence 
Tor you are long and cloudy and want an expositor,/ Tnc 

flronU 



(1 ^ 

ftrong Retort ! ih:y will not h how the humour of the 
Rabble, and therefore the R*bf>je ought to get up on the 
Saddle ; and act the bold B.-jucbampj upon the Common- 
wealth. 3. The Gentlemen of 'England have little reafon t» 
trttft this A*»ytkAt have violated their Laws, and fay all 
istharsbjeonyueft. Reader I unierltend this in the con- 
trary ltncc, and Mafter Prim* is in the Right. But he 
fliouldhave told where ever the Army aver'd all was 
theirs by conquelt, or if ever any private man laid fo.and 
if fome had (aid it, why the integrity and a&ions of all (bai 
be biased through the vapor or Surquedry of a private 
Souldier. 

Nowtothefecondpartofthe fame tune, the fecond 
End of thisTax is for Irclandjwhich was but atfirjt 20000* I. 
turn }ccoo 1. To this you fay, I. That by Statutes &c> iY# 
Freemen ought to be comfelld to goe inperfon, &c. Or to p*J 
Taxety Sec. without their confentsin a free Parliament, fuch 
an one you deny this present to be, and I contrariwife 
amrme it, aud have demonftrated it, and fo farwell this 
Argument. 2. Moft of tboft Aneient forces are revolted 
and declared Rc6elts t 2&& therefore this Parliament mail 
not avail themfelves ofothe'rs in their Roomes* 3. Ma* 
ny now pretending fir Ireland hath beenobjhuilerscf its re' 
itefe* This is a ltrong Argument againfi the Legalitie of 
the Tax. 4. The reliefe of "Ireland // not now upon the firft 
juft and pious grounds. (Tis falfe they arc now full the 
fame.) But tojoyne with Owen Roe; the Parliament have 
difclaim'd the aftions of two brave men in that arrairc 
Notwithilandinq the prudence advantage and neceffitic 
ofit; which certainly cannot but declare that they are 
not over affected wiih him and his I^tereft. 

Your Fourth Realon is the coercive power and manner of 
Levying this Tax, as though upon cafes of neceflitie and 
Imminent danger a State mull want neceffary reliefe* 
becaufe fuch and fuch a skittifh perfcn is not fatisfied, 
and if we fee that many anions of private men (other- 
wife illegally arc juftifiedby their fobordinacion to the 
D publike* 



publike. How much more muft we thinke of Common- 
wealths themfeJves in whom the chiefe care rnd truit o? 
prefervation is repofed ; which how r. 'ey could be endow- 
ed with, know not J, fiffiefle they had alio a power to 
enforce thofe reliefs, which neceili y an I reafon of Sta e' 
lb ulually require, and iherefore your Firft reaion that 
they ought not to difiraineis ncching,iinc. it determines 
not in what cafes it is uilawfull to diitraine, andycu 
vvithall take it as granted that this is an unlawfull Tar, 
2. For Imprifonment \ It hangs upon the fame lalfe iuppo- 
fition as trie farmer, anj all you con rhfhance who hath 
been imprifon'd upon this A5t invalid ; fince 2 many Laws 
comeaccompanyed with a terror, which they alio intend 
flia'l feldome or never be put in execution. 3, Levying 
of Taxes by S oulditrs was juaged high Treafonin Strafords 
cafe, as though there were not d.rrcrcnce between a Su- 
preame authority and a SubjeCU a time of peace and War. 
4. If arty perfon bring his Aft ion at Law wejhallbe ft opt by 
the Committee of Indemnity \ as; though the ^PaJiament 
Cw^io are io much above a'l ordinary proceedings or Law) 
ought not in Juftice to protect thole who execute their 
juit Commands* 

Your Fifth Reafon is • The tune ftkkj much with you, 
for if we havefuch a Tax in the frftyeare of EngJands de- 
clared freedoms, whatfhall we have in thefecond Sec, 

To this I anfwer Evaxl *vah I there wants a Comma, 
to expreiTe Irrifionpni Indignation. 

Y«r ur Sixth, Is the order or newnejfe of Tax is is the fir(h 
you find fmpoj'd by the Commons Bohfe after the Parliament 
dijfolved* 

Lingua ! thou ftrikft too much upon cne firing 
Thy tedious plain-fong grates my tender ears. 
I thought this Argument had been thred bare enough 
tobeufed againe, But no matter 'tis your cu/torre, but 
certainly, A man of your Irrployment and /peed U to be 
forgiven if he forget what he wrote three pages before; 
andyet this you confirme with a notable reafon (as you 

thinke) 



[think ) out of Ovids Remedts Atnoris : Principiit ob- 

fia,&c. abu kin that may fie any fool, and cog any obje- 
ction whatever. 

Your Seventh is the exceffveneffe of the Tax. A main 
objection! ideed, when you were to treat about its Lega- 
lity, but I muit teil you occabons are aJlb exceffive, 
as I fid you when I arf.vered your third Reatbn in 
which this your ieventh Keafon (according to the ufuail 
Cabal! of your writing ) was alio involved, I mall onely 
adde no.v that I wond.r by what Arithmerick you Calcu* 
late pocoj pounds per mens.io be halt the Revenue of the 
Nations and by what Analogy ofReaibn. you inflance 
the Impokion of the Popes Legate on the EnglimCler- 
oy, to affront an Ad of Parliament concerning the whole 
Nation. 

Your Eighth ( fori would oladfy once be rid of you) 
is, the r P>incifall judgement of this Tax it to free us from 
Free quarter, and you lay . I. Free-quarter is illegall (and 
vc un-ake an arrp!e citation for it )a»dfoonght to be taken 
off without any compettfation. Tistrue. but when there is 
aNeceifity ot keeping up a SOuldiery whether cf the two 
evill^istobe chofen : and fecondiy, you fay, That they 
have often promts d tota^e of Free quarter, but ftill as fon 
as Contributions veere paid, there rvas as much free quarte- 
ring asjormerljf, and therefore becaufe fome under-Offi. 
cers are neg.igent, and fome Common. fouldiers rude; 
An Act of Parliament mult become invalid, although ic 
may be affirmed that thsdiiciplineof this Army is as re- 
gular and Hri-tascan be poifibJe. and therefore it is not 
itrange/ifthey be not iubject to fuch diforders as mighr, 
commonly make fiich Companies of men both deteltab'e 
or hated, and yet certainly there are fome among them 
very rare Aljrmidons, if that itrange Tragx-C:,medy of 
Alay 2*. ( a day it teems fatall to your (trong-beer and 
proviiions) be true, for certainly ( according to your 
Lamentations ) it is as dreadfull i nd hideous as thr brea- 
king up ot anlnchantcdCa'He or fome new Commotion 

D 2 in 



( 4 8) 

in the dolor tut Cave, or St Patricks Purgatory. 

To your Ninth ( which in my underfhridinp U the fame 
with vour third J the end of this taxe it not for defence of 
the Kingdome, bat abolishing of Alonarchy e]rc. 

We ariirme this tor the defence of the Nation, and all 
the reft we con effe. 

To the Laft, which you fuppofe chain fhot, but indeed 
is a fquirt. whereas you fay> that inyonr poor judgement it 
will be offenfiveto God and good men. Certainly *joJ hath 
ftampt too many viiible (Jnaraiters of hi> favour upon 
thefe proceedings, to withdraw hi.s aflittance from this 
Parliament, for profecuting that work which he is plea- 
fed with : an J for good men ; there are thoufands think.ic 
both neceflary and fit to ray it. Scandalous to the Protefiant 
Relegion, As how ? difhonottrable to the Englijh Natton, 
for bravely averting their liberties, and giving fo faire an 
example of Magnanimity and bravery to Eurofe and po- 
fterity, hindrtng the fptedj fettlement of ottr peace. Me 
thinks we are at peace already, if you mean a peace with 
C.S>«iMr*,curfedbethe Peace-makers : Ingage Scotland 
4nd Forreigners to avenge the Kings death , ( as though that 
Arme that hath hitherto held us up were (hortned) and 
dif -inheritance of his Pofleritj, who you fay will be fetled. 
Quid fi caelum mat f and therefore you would have us ac» 
cept of C. Stewart, and jumble up a Peace.. Certainly, 
lAt,Prynnt) if you had but the leaft dram of a cQofiderate 
perfon within you, you could not but know that the Re- 
s'fabli(hment of the King of Scotland among us, were 
fbmewhat worfe the an Anarchy, and that a peace with 
him were more dangerous and deftru-fHve then any war. 
for if we will confider his attaining the Crown of England 
according to the principles of his own party, we may rind 
it a buhnelfe fo horrid and deteftable, that none but a £*M- 
line could lend a wifh to it : Either certainly he muft come 
in by Forrcign Conqueft, or under pretence of his old 
Title, or elfe by Admiffion and Confticution of the Peo- 
ple : if thertrft, what Engliihman can conceive it either 

fafe. 



fjfeor honorable? What man would not dread to be 
fcouro'd by Forrei^ne force > or whetner are luch auxili- 
aries ?afe or no to him that employes them ? or by what 
Law or Tuftice could Hte bring in people oh range 
Tonoues or habits to fubdue tho:e peop.e, whole father he 
pretends tobe? or who mult give acccmpt tor the b ood 
thatmuftneceiTarilybeipntiniucha q^ll/ or where 
will there be found wealth in an exhaufted Nation to iaaf- 
fie the Avarice of ftr angers , make up the lofles of home- 
fuf&rines, and reward deiervers ? Qpcftionlcflc the Out- 
ra-esofi/^r^and^^and .he Spwjh butcheries m 
America would be but petty Executions to what the \ i- 
aor(arm'dwith rage and revenge) would inflicT:, ana 
we (Hould fuffer ; and how many brave lives wou d be ta- 
ken away, and made facrificcs to the «h oft of our laic 
Kino 'tis Perfidy and diiloyaltyf me thinks) to me ma- 
jefty of the People of E H Umi to imagine the iadnefle 
of thefe confequences ; Nor lee I how thole oh the lecond 
head are much milder ; For luppofe him like Turn, or our 
Jfembe Fili.better'd by his accede to Government, and 
that he dealt with this People as Tender and cautioufly 
as any man under heaven could doe. Yet were .not our 
weaknefle able to endure that alteration. For if it hath 
eoftfo much blood and Trtafure to come to the point 
where we are. A Relaps mult needs bee conhderably 
worfe, feeing it would be impoffiblc to eradicate Memo- 

ties and Revenger ! but the **W^Tt?«£^! 
prevailino party to fome Infolenfies which the ipirit or 

condition of this people were unable to endure, and vyhat 
this wouldby degrees come to ; It is not fafe to "™g»? c ■ 
or if you wouid have it the third (as me thinks an Ele- 
aire King fuits but ilfavouredly with your H"'CB J me- 
thinks it were not hard for the People to find out tome 
haTto which (in cafe there were either Nece^tie or 
Reafon for fuch a change ) they might entruft their hber- 
ties,betterthenwithonewho comrmng <rom an unfor- 
tunate Family, icourg'd for many Generations withTra 



9 3 S 1 



gkall and untimely end;, and now a long time groaning 
under die Anger ot Divine Jultice, muiiin all realbn and 
probability export the confunmaiion and accomplish- 
ment of the fame Fate. No to C,y that afiliall alleagi- 
ance may oblige him .o :ome favagenedes, which could 
not at ail fall under the in.ereft of another p:rfon, and 
that education and continual! infufion of the lame Machi- 
vilianCouncels,mu(tneceflarymake him bc:nd his Go- 
vernment that way, which hath been lb d:: reliably oppref- 
n"ve to three Nations, that they preferr'da long, fharp and 
unnatural! war, before durance under it. 

For your Transcriptions out of John Lilburnt Book of 
fuae 8. 1 Inall not lay much, became 'tis indeed his work 
( excepting a few idleglotfes o.f your own ) and 'tis you 
vsai I onely have at Task and Time, and belides that book 
hath been fu. : Iy anfwer'd in another place, onely. give me 
leave to fix a Remark upon your violent and furious ma- 
lice that fo blinds you> that you feize upon any thing 
( though never fo unjufily or indiicreetly) that may the 
leaft contribute to the dishonour of that Senate from 
whence ycur demerits have fo worthily ejected you : that 
hdburn whom not many moneths lince, you call'd 
lyar, deteltable lyar , notorious lyar, whom you writ 
againlHnfeverailof your Treadles, and loaded with all 
thole Calumnies and Reproaches which an cxulcerated 
malice, or a debaufht Pen could calt upon him ; ncw» 
when he begins the ieaft to clofe with ) ou ( though God 
knows upon different ends and principalis ) is no more an 
jiBaddon, a Fury, a diflurber, but a grave veritable au- 
thentick Gallic author, and one whole excellent wri- 
tings (for never in all this world were two pens fo 
like ) mult contribute above ten pages to the latter end of 
your book. 

And belldes, conlider what Reputation it is to ycu, 
that feem to carry the face of a grave civili writer, to 
ttuffe your materiaJl books (and this indeed I think you 
conceive one of your Matter- pieces) with fuch large 

contri- 



Contributions ofthemoftunworthielt pamphlets, which: 
the difeafc and intemperance of a deprav'd time can vo» 
mil upamongltus. Coniider it I pray you, and flitter 
not your (elf with any hope that the vvcrid \v i J J continue- 
to expect any thing elie from you then dirt and Ribaldry, 
and that your books vviil carry any other deftcny with 
them C as being all born under inch (ad afcendents, and" 
untoward afpects^ then had ih? Cardinall Comfegio'r 
Sumpters, wt.ich th-ugh they march'd in a magnificent 
and lightly array, were (upon a Jut c bolder examination) 
found to be liuft with old boots and raggs, and fuch like 
Trumpery. 

And now before a dole give one ( who though h* bee 
much inferiour to you both in years, andacquir'd Know- 
ledges, yet haihfpent the lmall time he hath liv'd in the 
befi o .(ervation ot men and things that he could) to be a 
little fericuf and Remonlhrar unto you fomewhat, which 
being fpoke by them that have the molt charity, and belt 
wimes lor you; cannot but if you foUw it, bring repole 
unto your te.r, lome content to ih^ world, eafe to the Sta- 
tioner, and polToly make the Cataiogue of indifcreet bu- 
fic men lelle by one : You are of an honourable profefficn, 
doe not difhonour it by a Continuaiion of your lybe.'ling. 
In that orb you may Arrive to lbme eftimarion, but when 
youllrayout of it> you are a Tray tor to your own cre- 
dited doe your fe'fe that lame dilrepute which your ene- 
mies could wifh unto you ; if you fray where Providence 
hath plac'd you :your prelidents, and bulkilh qu rations 
may be of ufe and fervice ,but when you break ycur ted- 
der, you run wild, and like Ajax in the Trajedy, fight 
with fheep in Head of men ; for it Teems that All-feeing 
wifdome hath not defign'd you a matter of thofe know- 
ledges which direct and enable the mind of man to jud°e 
and examine the changes of humane things, :nd therefore 
it were no more hut your duty rather to fit full with a Co- 
ber Acqui fee and acknowledgement of that knowledge 
you now enjoy ; then vainly and wildly to run in fuch 

pathes 



00 

pathes whither neither you* itarrs nor Genius Teem to 
lead or profper you. 

Another thing is, that this continuall kicking at the 
prefent power-, fhews you to have fomewhac of the Sala- 
mander in your nature, and that Ike the Cameil you Ml 
to drinke of no waters whicn your feet have not trou- 
bled, and therefore you would doe your felfc much more 
right with all that are to judge you, if you dlfcreetly and 
patiently complyed with all the out-goings of Provi- 
dence, and would not murmur at fome difpenfations, 
which it feems God would have to be no otherwife : and 
therefore give me leave to conjure you to manage your 
leifure better then in producing fuch filthy, ill-natur'd 
pamphlets as you almoft every day belch out againft the 
State, which protects you; Or that if you muft needs 
write, you would be pleas'd to inhibit or fupprefTc them, 
and by that means fave the charge of brown paper for 
Roaft-meat and pye-bottoms : or cICq according to /&- 
race his advice, let them ferve a nine years apprenticeship 
at the druggtfts. which if they ferve, you might try whe- 
ther you your felfe had the patience to read them, and fo 
learn to forgive others that could not : But ir none of this 
vvili do, and you are deafe and inexorable to your own 
purpofes ; we mult give you up as incurable, and fay, the 
fpirit of (edition, and Jenkjnshzth enterd this man, and 
the Blatant- Beafi ( in Spacer ) is never like to be bound 
again fo long as me furvives in you. Fare ye well. 



The End. 



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